12 Most Common Types of Daisies—and How to Know Which Ones Are Best for Your Garden (2024)

When you think of daisies, small white flowers with a yellow center likely come to mind. But there are thousands of varieties of daisies available in many vibrant colors, from pinks and purples to blues and reds. The common name daisy is given to the flowering plants in the Asteraceae family, which is a collection of plants identified by their central disk of tiny florets that are surrounded by a ring of leaf-like petals. These beautiful plants are known for being low maintenance and tolerant of a range of growing conditions. To help you find the perfect daisy for your garden, we're sharing some of the most common types of daisies, as well as the zones and conditions they grow best in.

How to Grow and Care for Daisies

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Shasta Daisy

12 Most Common Types of Daisies—and How to Know Which Ones Are Best for Your Garden (1)

Shasta daisy (Leucanthemum x superbum) is the form of daisy that most gardeners are familiar with."They have those typical pure white petals with bright yellow centers," says Adrienne Roethling, garden director forPaul J. Ciener Botanical Garden. "Flowers cover the plant beginning in August and will often last until frost."

  • Zones:4 to 9
  • Size:2 to 3 feet tall x 1 to 2 feet wide
  • Growing conditions:Full sun; well-draining soil

02of 12

Gerbera Daisy

12 Most Common Types of Daisies—and How to Know Which Ones Are Best for Your Garden (2)

Available in beautiful reds, whites, oranges, pinks, and yellows, gerbera daisies (Gerbera jamesonii) produce big flowers borne from large, crinkly leaves. In most climates, this type of daisy blooms in spring and fall. "The foliage may be prone to powdery mildew," says Roethling. "Space plants apart to allow better airflow and remove infested leaves."

  • Zones:8 to 10
  • Size:6 to 18 inches tall x 8 to 16 inches wide
  • Growing conditions:Full sun; well-draining soil

03of 12

Nippon Daisy

12 Most Common Types of Daisies—and How to Know Which Ones Are Best for Your Garden (3)

Similar to shasta daisy, Nippon daisy (Nipponanthemum nipponicum) has large pure white flowers with a bright yellow center. "Nippon daisy forms a bush in warmer climates while the stems remain woody most winters," says Roethling."Once spring hits, new leaves will emerge on stems that survived the winter or at the ground level." Nippon daisies are typically late to perform, flowering in October or November.

  • Zones:5 to 9
  • Size:1 to 3 feet tall x 1 to 3 feet wide
  • Growing conditions:Full sun; well-draining soil

04of 12

Dahlberg Daisy

12 Most Common Types of Daisies—and How to Know Which Ones Are Best for Your Garden (4)

Dalberg daisy (Thymophylla tenuiloba) is a low-growing ground cover with green, lacy foliage and bright yellow blooms. "This type of daisy is native to hot and arid regions such as Texas and Northern Mexico," says Parker Garlitz, managing partner at True Leaf Market. "It thrives in climates prone to drought and in poor soils. Some shade during the summer months may be beneficial."

  • Zones:5 to 10
  • Size: 8 inches tall x 10 to 12 inches wide
  • Growing conditions:Full sun; well-draining soil

05of 12

Gloriosa Daisy

12 Most Common Types of Daisies—and How to Know Which Ones Are Best for Your Garden (5)

Also known as black-eyed Susans, gloriosa daisies (Rudbeckia hirta) have golden yellow petals around a dark brown center. "Black-eyed Susans are well-known for their drought tolerance and ability to thrive in regions prone to hot, dry summers," says Garlitz. "They are a perennial favorite of pollinators and are native to the eastern and midwest United States."

  • Zones:3 to 9
  • Size: 1 to 3 feet tall x 1 to 2 feet wide
  • Growing conditions:Full sun; moist, well-draining soil

06of 12

English Daisy

12 Most Common Types of Daisies—and How to Know Which Ones Are Best for Your Garden (6)

Ideal in smaller gardens, English daisy (Bellis perennis) has a rosette of leaves that emerge in spring and produce pink or white flowers. "These little flowers make a big impact, the petals are really narrow, encompassing a yellow center," says Roethling. "But the flowers are as soft and thick as a make-up brush." For best results, add compost to amend the soil when growing English daisies.

  • Zones:4 to 9
  • Size: 6 inches tall x 8 to 10 inches wide
  • Growing conditions:Full sun to part shade; well-draining soil

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Painted Daisy

12 Most Common Types of Daisies—and How to Know Which Ones Are Best for Your Garden (7)

Painted daisies (Tanacetum coccineum) form pink, white, or magenta flowers with yellow centers that arise from thick stalks in summer. This flower attracts a variety of pollinators for several weeks and should be cut back after flowering to promote vigor, says Roethling.

  • Zones:3 to 7
  • Size: 1 to 3 feet tall x 1 to 2 feet wide
  • Growing conditions:Full sun to part shade; loamy, rich soil that is well-draining

08of 12

Michaelmas Daisy

12 Most Common Types of Daisies—and How to Know Which Ones Are Best for Your Garden (8)

Commonly known as aster, Michaelmas daisy (Symphyotrichum spp.) is native throughout North America, meaning it's tolerant of very dry and sunny conditions. When this plant it happy, it spreads by seed, so it's perfect for a meadow-like atmosphere if you have room in your garden, says Roethling.

  • Zones:4 to 9
  • Size: 1 to 2 feet tall x 1 to 2 feet wide
  • Growing conditions:Full sun; well-draining soil

09of 12

Prairie Fleabane

12 Most Common Types of Daisies—and How to Know Which Ones Are Best for Your Garden (9)

Prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus) is a native plant that grows in about every state. The leaves of this annual emerge in spring, followed by little, white daisy-like flowers. "The white petals are narrow, short, and form from a large yellow center," says Roethling. "Flowers will last for several months in summer." Although it's an annual, it typically comes back the following year by seed.

  • Zones:2 to 10
  • Size: 1 to 2 feet tall x 1 to 2 feet wide
  • Growing conditions:Full sun; well-draining soil

10of 12

Chocolate Daisy

12 Most Common Types of Daisies—and How to Know Which Ones Are Best for Your Garden (10)

Another native flower, chocolate daisy (Berlandiera lyrata) has a lovely fragrance that will make any garden smell heavenly. The light and airy stalks give rise to yellow flowers that have green to red centers. This plant can bloom all summer long with access to sun and soil with good drainage, says Roethling.

  • Zones:4 to 10
  • Size: 1 to 2 feet tall x 1 to 2 feet wide
  • Growing conditions:Full sun; clay soil that is well-draining

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Marguerite Daisy

12 Most Common Types of Daisies—and How to Know Which Ones Are Best for Your Garden (11)

Marguerite daisy (Argyranthemum frutescens) is an annual plant that prefers cooler weather. It is popular in white but also comes in shades from pink to yellow; the flowers appear in summer and will last for the entire season. "The best place to grow marguerite daisy is in containers in full to part sun," says Roethling. "Fill the containers with a combination of potting soils and compost to keep the roots moist and cool."

  • Zones:8 to 11
  • Size: 2 feet tall x 2 feet wide
  • Growing conditions:Full sun to part shade; well-draining soil

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Coneflower Daisy

12 Most Common Types of Daisies—and How to Know Which Ones Are Best for Your Garden (12)

A drought-tolerant native plant that attracts pollinators to your yard, coneflower daisy (Echinacea) produces beautiful purple blooms with burnt-orange centers. This hardy flower, which blooms in summer, can withstand a variety of growing conditions, like drought, heat, high humidity, and a variety of soils.

  • Zones:3 to 9
  • Size:3 to 4 feet tall x 1 to 2 feet wide
  • Growing conditions:Full sun to part shade; moist, well-drained soil
12 Most Common Types of Daisies—and How to Know Which Ones Are Best for Your Garden (2024)

FAQs

What are the easiest daisies to grow? ›

Shasta daisies are one of the easiest perennials to grow. They prefer, but do not necessarily need, moist yet well-drained soil. Fertilize monthly with a granular fertilizer like Osmocote, and liquid-feed weekly if desired. Staking is generally a good idea, but not a necessity.

What is the most common type of daisy? ›

English Daisy (Bellis perennis)

Bellis perennis, commonly known as the common daisy, English daisy, or lawn daisy, is a small, perennial flowering plant with a yellow central disc surrounded by white or pinkish petals.

What is the difference between a Shasta daisy and a common daisy? ›

The Shasta daisy is another classic daisy that bears a very similar resemblance to the English daisy. The Shasta daisy, however, has a much larger yellow center and grows much taller, often reaching stem heights of two to three feet tall.

What daisy blooms all summer? ›

Shasta Daisy (Leucanthemum x superbum)

The plant blooms prolifically in summer and is hardy in Zones 4-9. There are several varieties that come in different heights, sizes of flowers, and amount of petals per flower. This perennial daisy makes a gorgeous addition to a cut flower garden.

What daisies bloom the longest? ›

Some daises, like Shasta daisies, black-eyed Susans, and African daisies or osteospermum have a longer bloom period, blooming at least three months. Black-eyed Susans will bloom from June to September, and Shastas will produce flowers from July to September.

Do daisies like full sun or shade? ›

Plant daisies in an area that receives full sunlight—six hours or more per day—for the best blooms. Some cultivars will bloom in shaded areas, but with less intensity.

What is the order of common daisy? ›

Do daisies spread? ›

Daisies will self-seed and proliferate, which means the bushes will grow bigger year after year. In a year or two after the initial bloom, the plant may get so large that its roots overcrowd each other, leading to the withering of certain parts of the plant.

Do hummingbirds like Shasta daisy? ›

These dependable beauties thrive in full sun and moderately fertile soil. Like clockwork, they return every year to bloom in your garden till early fall. Albeit, hummingbirds are not attracted to them, Shasta daisies attract another coveted garden guest: butterflies!

Are daisies toxic to dogs? ›

Most common daisy species can cause trouble for your pets. There's tons of toxins in these flowers, such as pyrethrins, lactones, and sequiterpene. Pets may exhibit dermatitis or skin irritation, lack of coordination, extreme salivating, diarrhea, and vomiting.

How to tell the difference between oxeye daisy and Shasta daisy? ›

Shasta daisy, a non-native ornamental plant, usually grows 6 to 12 inches taller than oxeye daisy, has larger flower heads, and basal leaves are not as and may have toothed edges (margins).

How do you keep daisies blooming all summer? ›

Trim off blooms as they fade. Deadheading these blooming beauties encourages repeated flowering. Removing spent flowers also minimizes mold growth on decaying flowers. Keep root systems from getting too big and overcrowding each other, which will lead to a decline in the daisy plant over time.

What daisy comes back every year? ›

Because daisies are perennial in most zones, you will be able to enjoy them for years to come. Shasta Daisy is a drought-resistant perennial with abundant flowers that blossom from late spring through premature fall. These hardy plants make excellent cut or dried flowers and survive in full sun and partial shade.

What pairs well with Shasta daisies? ›

To create the ultimate cottage garden of your dreams, discover some of our favorite companion plants for Shasta daisies like coneflower (Echinacea), Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia), or tickseed (Coreopsis). Surprisingly, all these plants are also within the daisy (Asteraceae) family!

What is the best month to plant daisies? ›

When to Plant Daisy Seeds. Daisies are almost foolproof to grow. They can be planted in the spring, summer, or fall. Most gardeners sow their daisy seeds directly in the garden.

What is the hardiest daisy? ›

Hardy down to -20 degrees F and thriving in full sun, the Shasta daisy reaches a maximum height of 3 to 4 feet with an equal spread. There are some cultivars of this plant, however, that grow both shorter and taller (see below) than this norm. Shastas are prized for their carefree nature and bloom power.

Do all daisies come back every year? ›

Daisies are perennial, so consider your patch an ongoing addition to the garden. One way to propagate Shasta Daisies is by dividing them every two or three years during early spring before flowers appear or early fall after the flowers fade.

Do daisies grow easily? ›

Daisy flowers are vibrant, cheerful, and easy to grow, making them a proven choice for gardens. Stunning, reliable bloomers, both in the garden and as cut flowers, daisies are hardy, drought-tolerant plants that provide years of gorgeous, classic charm.

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